NABS is working to support Tribal Nations seeking the repatriation of their children buried at Carlisle. The Northern Arapaho repatriated two of their lost children, but the third boy couldn’t be found. The stakes are high for all involved, including Tribes who do not want their children disturbed. NABS hosted a Tribal Roundtable in November 2017.
The Children Buried at Carlisle
In May 2016 the Northern Arapaho and the Sicangu Lakota met with Army representatives to discuss the repatriation of their children buried at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School cemetery. The Army agreed to voluntarily send these children home and pay for their exhumation, transport, and internment.
Thus began the first boarding school repatriation effort in U.S. history that we know of.
On August 9, 2017 the Northern Arapaho Tribe began exhumation of their children’s remains from the Army War College Cemetery in Carlisle, PA. Of the three children repatriated (Little Chief, Horse, and Little Plume) Little Plume’s grave contained two sets of remains, neither of which were his.
The number of unknown graves has now gone from 12 to 14 at the cemetery.
The results of these findings affect all Tribes who have children buried at the Carlisle Cemetery, whether they want to repatriate or not, because this new evidence proves that the graves are not correctly marked and the Army doesn’t know for certain which children are buried where (due to the cemetery being moved in 1927 for the installation of a parking lot).
In November 2017, the National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition hosted a Tribal Roundtable to discuss these issues with tribal representatives.
The Northern Arapaho went back for Little Plume and he was returned home in the summer of 2018. Several other Tribal Nations repatriated children in 2018 as well.
Most recently, the summer of 2019 observed the third repatriation effort at Carlisle involving the return of six more children. The Oneida Nation of Wisconsin welcomed home three relatives, while the Iowa Nation, Modoc Nation, and Omaha Nation each welcomed home one relative during this time.
As of June 2019, the following children have been repatriated from the Carlisle cemetery:
- Little Chief (Dickens Nor), Northern Arapaho
- Horse (Horace Washington), Northern Arapaho
- George Ell (George Eli), Blackfeet Nation
- Little Plume (Hayes Vanderbilt Friday), Northern Arapaho
- Herbert Little Hawk (Herbert J. Littlehawk), Oglala Lakota
- Her Pipe Woman (Dora Brave Bull), Standing Rock
- Jemima Metoxen, Oneida Nation
- Sophia Coulon, Oneida Nation
- Ophelia Powless, Oneida Nation
- Henry Jones, Iowa Nation
- Adam McCarty, Modoc Nation
- Alice Springer, Omaha Nation
Many more children are looking to come home, but Tribal Nations are having a difficult time locating relatives to fill out the Army-required affidavits. In some cases the children were orphans when they were sent to Carlisle Indian Industrial School and there is no family to be found.
Prayers for all the families and children looking to be reunited after such a long separation and for the return of the children who never should have been taken or died so far away from home.
NABS continues to advocate for families and Tribes in this process. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.